The Five Reasonings that Point to the Essence

The Five Reasonings of Noble Nagarjuna that Point
to the Essence by Refuting all Limits of Thoughts

Since it is beyond the nature of being one or many,
Suffering has no inherent essence,
Like the suffering in a dream, for example.
The suffering in bardo is also like this.

Since it does not arise from itself, other,
Both of them, or without a cause,
Suffering does not arise.
Present suffering is also like this.

Since the result does not arise
From existing at the time of the cause,
From not existing, from both, or neither,
Suffering therefore does not arise.

From one cause, neither one nor many results arise.
From many causes, neither one nor many results arise.
Therefore, all things are without arising.
Suffering, too, is like a dream.

Since like a moon in water, a rainbow, and a movie,
It is the mere appearance of interdependent arising,
No phenomenon exists through possessing an essence.
The extremes of samsara and nirvana,
of permanence and extinction are transcended.

--The translation of the root text is a draft that was given to students of
Tibetan language by Ven. Khenpo Tsultrim Gyamtso Rinpoche in 1993, without reference to the translator.


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